Every Minnesota adoption requires action and approval by the court to be recognized as legal. While the final legal act of obtaining an adoption is simple, the court must first be satisfied that the adoption is in the best interests of the adoptee.
An adoption attorney can provide legal help in a variety of adoption law services, including:
In certain situations, a Minnesota family or single parent might also be interested in adopting a an adult over 18 years of age. Reasons for this decision might include estate planning or reuniting a biological family. The person to be adopted must consent to the procedure, and all parties must appear in court together to finalize the adoption.
An adoption attorney’s help is not cheap. Hiring an attorney usually costs $3,000 to $20,000, depending on many factors like complications, whether the adoption is international, etc.
The adoption process is not complete until the finalization hearing that takes place a year after the initial adoption. The hearing is to assess the past year and whether or not child fits in the new home. If after the hearing the current placement is ruled a good fit the adoption will be finalized.
In an open adoption, the birth parents and the adoptive parents share more information than in a close adoption. Names, addresses and other contact information may be shared so that the relationship is not severed completely after the adoption of the child.
Unlike an open adoption, in a closed adoption the birth parents and adopting family do not know specific information about the other including names or addresses. In a closed adoption, the identifying information would be sealed after the process to ensure that neither side could retrieve the information after.
In an international adoption, perspective parents adopt a child from a different country with a different nationality. In order to adopt, the parents must meet the adoption requirements of both the country they live in and the country they adopt from.
Adopting a child with special needs takes more consideration because the adoptive family must determine if they are capable of taking care of the child. While this is not meant to deter special needs adoption, it is important for the parents to be capable of supporting the child’s needs.