MN Mandatory Sentencing Laws | Minimum Fines and Other Fees

Minimum Fines; Assessments; Surcharges; Fees

Failure to Provide Motor Vehicle Insurance; Failure to Produce Proof of Motor Vehicle Insurance; Usage of a Fraudulent Insurance Card

§§ 169.791 (6); 169.793 (2); 169.797 (4)

The court must impose a minimum $200 fine on a person convicted of failing to provide motor vehicle insurance, failing to produce proof of insurance, or using a fraudulent insurance card. The court may allow indigent offenders to perform community work service in lieu of the fine.

Violation of the Alcohol Purchase or Consumption Law by a Person under the Age of 21

§ 340A.703

The court must impose a minimum $100 fine on a person under the age of 21 who unlawfully purchases, possesses, consumes, or furnishes alcoholic beverages.

Minimum Fines for All Criminal Offenders

§ 609.101

The court must impose a 30 percent minimum fine on all convicted
criminal offenders, unless the crime is included on the “payables list.” The payables list, also know as the uniform fine schedule, consists of those petty misdemeanor and misdemeanor offenses that the Judicial Council has determined should be punishable by a fine only, not jail time. The amount of fine is specified on the payable list.

The court may not waive these fines but may reduce them down to a minimum of $50, allow payment in installments due to the offender’s financial need, or permit the offender to perform community work service in lieu of the fine. The distribution of fine proceeds depends on the type of crime committed.

Crime Assault/Sex Assault Felony Drug All Others
Amount of Minimum Fine 30% of maximum fine for
offense of conviction
30% of maximum fine for
offense of conviction
30% of maximum fine for
offense of conviction, unless
offense is listed on “payables
list”
Distribution 70% to local victim
programs and 30% to state
general fund
If no local program, 100% to
state general fund
70% to local drug abuse
prevention and intervention
programs and 30% to state
general fund
If no local drug abuse
program, 100% to state
general fund
Varies. See §§ 484.841;
484.85; 484.90; 574.34

Surcharges on Criminal and Traffic Offenses

§ 357.021 (6) & (7)

The court must impose a $75 surcharge on all persons convicted of a criminal offense or petty misdemeanor offense,2 other than a violation of a law or ordinance relating to vehicle parking. Parking offenses are subject to a $12 surcharge. This surcharge must be imposed whether or not the person is sentenced to imprisonment or the sentence is stayed, but the surcharge shall not be imposed when a person is convicted of a petty misdemeanor for which no fine is imposed. The court may not waive payment of the surcharge but may authorize payment of it in installments upon a showing of indigency or undue hardship. If an offender is incarcerated and has not paid the surcharge before the prison or jail term begins, the surcharge must be collected and paid from the inmate’s earnings while incarcerated, if any.

Fifty dollars of the surcharge and the $12 parking surcharge are credited to the state general fund in the state treasury. Of the remainder:

  • 1 percent is credited to the game and fish fund and is used to fund peace officer training for conservation officers;
  • 39 percent is credited to the peace officers training account; and
  • 60 percent is credited to the general fund in the state treasury.

In Ramsey County there is an additional $1 surcharge that is deposited for use in its petty misdemeanor diversion program.

Prostitution Offenders

§ 609.324 (2)

The court must impose a minimum $1,500 fine on prostitution patrons convicted of engaging in prostitution in a public place.

§ 609.324 (3)

The court must impose a minimum $500 fine on prostitution patrons convicted of engaging in prostitution. The court must impose a minimum $1,500 fine and order 20 hours of community work service (when appropriate), if the prostitution patron was convicted of a prostitution offense within the past two years.

§ 609.324 (4)

The court may substitute community work service for all or part of these minimum fines.

§ 609.3241

The court also must impose a penalty assessment on a person convicted of committing a prostitution offense while acting other than as a prostitute. Amounts are $750 to $1,000 for promoting or profiting from prostitution or engaging in prostitution with a minor, and $500 to $750 for other offenses. The court may not waive the minimum assessment, but may reduce it to not less than $100 in cases of indigency or undue hardship.

Funds are distributed as follows: (1) 40 percent to law enforcement, (2) 20 percent to the prosecuting agency, and (3) 40 percent to the Commissioner of Public Safety for grants to organizations assisting sexually exploited youth.

Disorderly House Offenders

§ 609.33

The court must impose the following minimum fines on persons convicted of operating or maintaining a disorderly house (i.e., a place where prostitution, controlled substance sale or possession, or illegal gambling or alcohol sale occurs):

  • first offense: $300
  • second offense: $500
  • third or subsequent offense: $1,000

Identity Theft

§ 609.527 (4)

The court must order a person convicted of identity theft to pay restitution in an amount not less than $1,000 to each direct victim.

Water Pollution Offenders

§ 609.671 (8)

The court must impose a minimum $2,500 fine on a person convicted of certain gross misdemeanor-level water pollution violations. The fine is assessed for each day of the violation.

Jail Booking Fees

§ 641.12 (1)

County boards may assess a fee to cover costs incurred in booking a person for confinement at a county or regional jail. This fee must be returned if the person is not charged, is acquitted, or if charges are dismissed. If the person is convicted and the booking fee is not paid by the time the person is sentenced, the court must order payment of the fee as part of any sentence or disposition ordered.

MN Mandatory Sentencing Laws | Minimum Imprisonment Penalties

MN Mandatory Sentencing Laws | Mandatory Treatment and Assessment

MN Mandatory Sentencing Laws | Other Provisions and Appendix

This and any related posts have been adopted from the Minnesota House of Representatives Research Department’s Information Brief, Mandatory Sentencing Laws.

2 This includes persons who enter into a diversion or similar program for traffic violations.