To Franchise or Not to Franchise?

When you consider going into business for yourself, you have three basic choices: start from scratch, buy an existing business, or look for opportunities as a franchise.

A franchise gives you the licensed right to use a service mark, trademark, or business concept. Each franchisee signs an agreement that governs how the business is operated. This ensures a uniform standard of quality throughout the system.

More than 2,700 franchise businesses exist in the U.S., covering every conceivable industry, from such well-known brands as McDonald’s to smaller local opportunities. So there’s plenty of opportunity if you choose the franchise route. The challenge is to find one that’s interesting and a good investment.

Purchasing a franchise business is obviously not a guarantee of success. Here are the main advantages a franchise offers:

Uniformity. You can capitalize on a uniform business format and instant brand recognition, as well as tap training and ongoing support from the franchise company.

Lower risk. This can be a plus for less-experienced entrepreneurs. While starting a business alone can expose you to a high risk of failure, a franchise can buffer that risk somewhat because the franchise often includes a package that eliminates the guesswork often associated with starting a business.

Proven track record. Franchising typically includes an existing product or service, a proven market method, equipment, inventory and support including hands on business consulting and advice.

Network power. Franchisees can gain brand recognition from national advertisement and promotion. In addition, there may be some buying power opportunities when purchasing inventory, materials and supplies through a network, which can help keep prices down.

Start-up cash. Some franchise companies provide financing plans.

Certainly, these are advantages that can work for you. But before making the leap, consider the potential disadvantages:

Lack of power. Franchisees forfeit a certain measure of control over their day-to-day operations. If you have a strong entrepreneurial personality you may have a problem handling the relationship if you start to feel you are more a manager than a boss.

Financial risks. Franchises can cost a great deal to start and generally include ongoing royalty fees that you often must pay even if an outlet hasn’t earned significant income. Moreover, the central franchiser may face financial problems or actually go under.

The “caged syndrome.” You are typically committed to a franchising agreement that runs for several years, which can lock you into rigid business practices, fees and operating rules.

Negative exposure. Not all publicity is positive. Unethical management or business practices by one franchisee affect the entire system. For example, hygiene and cleanliness issues at one fast food restaurant can hurt sales at the others in the chain even if they have spotless records.

Deciding to go full ahead with a franchise is a difficult and challenging task. Take a look at the Federal Trade Commission’s booklet on franchising and then carefully discuss the issues with your attorney, accountant or financial adviser. As with any investment, the more you know, the better prepared you are to make a go of it

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